There has been some question about what he was actually called in his lifetime. It's almost too big to even think about. Introduction to the Source. The Spanish claimed Montezuma died at the hands of his own … They are a fascinating civilization that helped shape the culture we see ... On November 8, 1519, Aztec Emperor Moctezuma and Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes met for the first time outside the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan. The two met, it was historic, dramatic, consequential and has loomed large for both parties and many others, down to the current day. The journey … Summary. Since Greeks invented democracy, they also invented... All Rights Reserved. The event was frequently illustrated in accounts of the conquest, such as that by Antonio de Solís, an official chronicler for King Phillip IV. Cortes lead his men through treacherous mountainous terrain, and after weeks of trekking they arrived at the Aztec capital of Tenochtitlan. How did Motecuhzoma and Cortés react to one another? That's a big subject. by Matthew Restall, New York, Oxford University Press Inc., 2004. After all, away from the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers , the region was mostly de... Athens had a direct democracy. From Cortés, Second Letter, 85–89. (Jay I. Kislak Collection) As it goes, Moctezuma mistook the Spanish invaders for gods, thereby setting the stage for the conquest of the Aztec Empire. Here’s a mystery box that will help us answer t... Mesopotamia is Greek for "between the rivers." How did geography affect Ancient Greek civilization? Moctezuma (ad. In 1519 Hernan Cortés sailed from Cuba, landed in Mexico and made his way to the Aztec capital. Doña Marina interpreted what Motecuhzoma said for Cortés: "Lord, you are weary. After a three-month siege, Spanish forces under Hernán Cortés capture Tenochtitlán, the capital of the Aztec empire. Montezuma, or more correctly, Motecuhzoma II Xocoyotzin (aka Moctezuma) or ‘Angry Like A Lord’ was the last fully independent ruler of the Aztec empire before the civilization’s collapse at the hands of the Spanish in the early 16th century CE. Cortés men leveled the city and captured Cuauhtemoc, the Aztec emperor. The details of his death are unknown: different versions of his demise are given by different sources. I hope they are helpful to you! Cortes on Meeting Moctezuma. Many are familiar with the popular tale of the meeting between Emperor Moctezuma and conquistador Hernán Cortés. The texts record their arrival at the city gates on November 8, 1519, the first meeting between Motecuhzoma and Cortés, and the conquistadors' stay in the city.. Motecuhzoma Goes to Meet Cortés You have come back to us; you have come down from the sky. What does Motecuhzoma mean when he says to Cortés, "Now you have arrived on the earth”? But how does this compare to what the historical record tells us? What were the 5 Themes of Geography of Ancient Greece. Then he laid out before him, the golden necklaces, all of his gifts [for the Spaniards]. Mexica (Aztec). Motecuhzoma personally went out to meet Cortés and his men. The Spaniards arrive at Tenochtitlan, the great city constructed on an island in Lake Texcoco. On March 4th, 1519, Hernàn Cort és and his men arrived on the Mexican coast, and slowly approached Tenochtitlan. by Aztec historians, describes the meeting of Motecuhzoma and Cortés—accom-panied by his translator Malinche—at Huitzillan. It is a well know fact that after the conquest, the victor writes the history. A 17th-century CE oil painting depicting the meeting of Spanish Conquistador Hernán Cortés and Aztec ruler Montezuma (Motecuhzoma II) in 1519 CE. Awesome Inc. theme. The city is connected to the rest of the land by several causeways.] Motecuhzoma quickly sent back gold presents and much food and cocoa, and confusedly argued that he had not ordered any attack, and insisted that they should not continue to Tenochtitlán, which was a sterile and wasted land with not enough food and accommodation for the Spaniards. And when Moctezuma went to meet them at Huitzillan, he bestowed gifts on Cortés; he gave him flowers, he put necklaces on him; he hung garlands around him and put wreaths on his head. Section 1 Motecuhzoma Goes Out to Meet Cortes T he Spaniards arrived in Xoloco, near the entrance to Tenochtitlan. Meeting of Cortés and Motecuhzoma II . Aztec ruler Moctezuma unmasked Mystery surrounds the Aztec ruler who died at the hands of the Spanish conquistadors. Montezuma became Cortes’s prisoner in Tenochtitlan. In the codex's description of the first meeting between Moctezuma and Cortés, the Aztec ruler is described as giving a prepared speech in classical oratorical Nahuatl, a speech which as described verbatim in the codex (written by Sahagún's Tlatelolcan informants) included such prostrate declarations of divine or near-divine admiration as, "You have graciously come on earth, you have graciously … Much of this chapter is drawn from texts by Sahagún's informants that describe the Spaniards' approach to Tenochtitlán. We know it as Mohenjo-D... Geography is the study of Earth. They were being offered the city and serves them as if they were their lords. Cortes was called Malinche, and so I will call him Malinche from now henceforth (in his book) in all accounts of conversations which were held with any interpreter, was always in his company, particular when the ambassadors arrive, and she spoke to them in the Mexican language So that they gave Cortes the name of ‘Marina’s Captain’ and for short Malinche”. I began this blog when I started teaching social studies over ten years ago. Aztec accounts of the event, compiled by Miguel Leon-Portillo shortly after and published as The Broken Spears , claim that Moctezuma (also Montezuma) believed Cortes was a god. That was the end of Feathers (quetzal and cotinga) and gold. He then went to the most powerful of the Mexican tribes, the Aztecs. Document C: Primary Source, Excerpt from The Broken Spears, an Aztec account of the meeting of Cortes and Motecuhzoma, 1519.! As Montezuma approached, Cortes threw his reins to a page and dismounted, and with a few of his chief men went forward to meet the Emperor. Theory 1- Montezuma II believes that Cortes is a god There was an Aztec prophesy that stated that the god, Quetzalcoatl would arrive at the year 1519, the exact year that Hernan Cortes arrived at Tenochtitlan. In the subsequent battles with the Spaniards after Cortés' return, Moctezuma was killed. That's all there is to the geography of ancient Greece, right? Farming in most of Mesopotamia was a challenge. Miguel Leon Portilla, a Mexican anthropologist, gathered accounts by the Aztecs, some of which were written shortly after the conquest. Montezuma Captured: A Nahuatl Remembrance: Novembe... Summer Travels, Troubling Portents; From Forli to ... Otranto Seized By Turks, 1480; Riarios Go To Forli... Cortes Meets Motecuhzoma: November 8, 1519, Diaz Sees Mexico From The Inside: November 7, 1519. The two great men looked at each other with a keen interest. Upon meeting the Aztec ruler Montezuma II and discovering the capital, Tenochtitlán, Cortés and his men were in awe. Rest now, and take Feb 1, 2015 - The meeting of Moctezuma II and Cortés: detail from a folding-screen mural painted by Roberto Cueva del Río (1976). Some e… The two met, it was historic, dramatic, consequential and has loomed large for both parties and many others, down to the current day. 1428–1520 C.E. I enjoy writing articles about the subjects I teach. Never fear! That means the citizens of Athens voted directly on laws. Montezuma very graciously welcomed Cortes to his city, and Cortes answered with great respect, adding many thanks for all the Mexican's gifts. Jacobus Schynvoet Copper engraving and etching A plate illustrating the meeting of Cortes and Montezuma, from Thomas Salmon's Modern history : or, the present state of all nations. The Meeting of Cortés and Montezuma Painted in the latter half of the seventeenth century in Mexico by unknown artists, the eight paintings in the Conquest of Mexico series depict the encounter of Spanish and Aztec cultures and the ultimate victory of the Spanish over the native peoples. Powered by, 11 Project Ideas - Early Ancient Greece - The Minoans, 5 Themes of Geography Made Easy! Cortes Meets Motecuhzoma: November 8, 1519 The meeting between Motecuhzoma and Cortes that Bernal Diaz said happened on this day was at first accepted at face-value. Montezuma II, ninth Aztec emperor of Mexico, famous for his dramatic confrontation with the Spanish conquistador Hernan Cortes. Ruler’s feather headdress (probably of Motecuhzoma II). In his Historia, Bernal Díaz del Castillo states that on July 1, 1520, the Spanish forced Moctezuma to appear on the balcony of … At the meeting between Motecuhzoma and Cortes, Motecuhzoma treated Cortes and his men like royalty. Now offering 30% off everything on the site, promo code MUSEUMRESTART. GOLD Upo... Trade and Links to Mesopotamia The people of Mohenjo-Daro were actively engaged in trade with other people of the Indus River Valley ... Water, mountains, and peninsulas. The leader, Montezuma, was somewhat friendly to the visitors at first, since he believed that Cortes might be a god dressed in armor. Many people vaguely relate it to the last emperor of the Aztecs, but that's not only vague but inaccurate. Thanks for stopping by! Introduction. In the early 16th century, Spanish colonies were already well established in the Caribbean islands and they were turning their eyes westward. In modern-day Pakistan is a site that was once home to as many as 30,000 people of the Indus Valley civilization. Describing their respective situations, persons, habits, Buildings, Manners, Laws and Customs, Religion and Policy, Arts and Sciences, Trades, Manufactures and Husbandry, Plants, animals and minerals. The meeting between Motecuhzoma and Cortes that Bernal Diaz said happened on this day was at first accepted at face-value. [Upon meeting Cortes, Motecuhzoma explained], "This was foretold by the kings who governed your city, and now it has taken place. Definitions - Examples - Infographic, Geography of Ancient Greece and its Effects on Culture, Tigris and Euphrates Rivers - The Geography of Ancient Mesopotamia, Teaching Ancient Mesopotamia - Project Ideas, Gold, Glory, and God - Spanish Motivations in the New World, Mohenjo-Daro - Trade, Culture, and Government. 3. The name Moctezuma (also commonly used is Montezuma) or Motecuhzoma, is a name from the central Mexican language of Nahuatl, referring to a lordly frown. The Spanish that explored and conquered parts of the New World had three basic ideas that motivated them--Gold, Glory, and God. The locals had their varying recollections, and Bernal Diaz had his version, too. If Montezuma thought of Hernan Cortes as Quetzalcoatl then he would have treated him with an exceptional amount of respect and fear. Relates to 159. They had never seen a city as grand or a culture as drastically different from their own. Cortes went to Mexico and allied with all the surrounding "tribes" of people or destroyed them if they didn't ally with him. The two leaders, Cortés and Montezuma, knew absolutely nothing about each other’s language, civilization, or cultural nuances. Moctezuma Meets Cortes - Nov 8, 1519 On November 8, 1519, Aztec Emperor Moctezuma and Spanish Conquistador Hernan Cortes met for the first time outside the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan. Learn More Cortes had been wanting this day to come for some months and he would also want it to be remembered in a certain way. But those stories that came from the sixteenth century had accepted the initial story told by Cortes with little in any means for scrutiny or understanding of the immediate environment, the temporal context of the day and these prior months of Spanish advancement in Mesoamerica. The name Ilhuicamina means archer of the sky, or the one who shoots arrows at the sky. In his letter to King Charles, Cortés describes meeting Moctezuma and claims that Moctezuma told the following story about the origins of the Aztec people: After being seated Moctezuma spoke as follows: “We learned from our ancestors that those of us who inhabit this region descend from strangers who came here from a very distant land. By Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra Matthew Restall’s When Montezuma met Cortés delivers a blow to the basic structure of all current histories of the conquest of Mexico. 1466 – June 1520), also known by a number of variant spellings including Montezuma, Moteuczoma, Motecuhzoma and referred to in full by early Nahuatl texts as Motecuhzoma Xocoyotzin and similar, was the ninth tlatoani or ruler of Tenochtitlan, reigning from 1502 to 1520.It was during Moctezuma's reign that the episode known as the Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire began. I always start my Greece unit with a look at the Ancient Minoans. The accounts of the initial meeting between Hernan Cortez and Montezuma II, in 1519 CE, are based upon the writings of the Spanish; most of the written history on their first meeting by the Aztecs, if any, was more than […] He agreed to give Cortes some of the empire’s gold He gave them garlands of flowers, hung gold necklaces around their necks, and gave them presents of every sort. Cortés met Motecuhzoma II on one of the causeways leading into Tenochtitlan on November 8, 1520. We are open for business and ready to process your order. Specifically, the rivers referenced by this term are the Tigris and Euphrates Rive... As I stated in a previous post about Gardner’s Multiple Intelligence Theory , I recently finished my unit at school on ancient Mesopotamia. The 5 Themes of Geog... What was Greece’s geography like? Cortes and Montezuma by Donald Barthelme Because Cortes lands on a day specified in the ancient writings, because he is dressed in black, because his armor is silver in color, a certain ugliness of the strangers taken as a group-for these reasons, Montezuma considers Cortes to be Quetzalcoatl, the great god who left Mexico many years before, on a raft of snakes, vowing to return. Describe the Spaniards after Cortés ' return, Moctezuma was killed is for! 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