But the behaviour of Diotrephes was bad. 3 John 1:2(NASB) Picture courtesy of Good News Productions International and College Press Publishing. This little letter contains no important doctrinal teaching nor special revelation of any kind. It is the third in a series of 3 epistles that bear the Apostle John’s name. [9], The Elder next describes his conflict with Diotrephes, who does not acknowledge the Elder's authority and is excommunicating those, like Gaius, who welcome missionaries sent by the Elder. [3][26] A minority of scholars, however, argue against common authorship of 2 and 3 John, and Rudolf Bultmann held that 2 John was a forgery based on 3 John. [45], The first reference to 3 John is in the middle of the third century; Eusebius says that Origen knew of both 2 and 3 John, however Origen is reported as saying "all do not consider them genuine". The antepenultimate book of the New Testament of the Bible, the third epistle of John.. 3 John Meaning. What does John chapter 3 mean? “Diotrephes is damaging John’s own character, suppressing his letter, spreading lies, hugging his own position as leader” (David and Pat Alexander, The Lion Handbook to the Bible, p. 643). 3 John 1:5 Beloved, you are faithful in what you are doing for the brothers, and especially since they are strangers to you. John 3:6 Or but spirit; John 3:7 The Greek is plural. Read commentary on this popular Bible verse and understand the real meaning behind God's Word using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Of the Greek great uncial codices, codices Sinaiticus, Alexandrinus, and Vaticanus contain all three Johannine epistles, while Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus contains 3 John 3–15 along with 1 John 1:1–4. [12], Most scholars do not connect the letter the Elder mentions with 2 John, since 3 John does not contain any reference to the doctrinal controversy described in 2 John, and argue that the Elder is here referring to a previous letter of recommendation. John 3:16 says, “For God so loved the world that He gave His one and only Son, that whoever believes in Him shall not perish but have eternal life.” God loves you so much that He sent His Son, Jesus […] [41] The Muratorian Canon seems to refer to two letters of John only,[42] though it is possible to interpret it as referring to three. Contrary to what some professing Christians have been taught, Christ did not come to do away with the 10 Commandments. King James Version (KJV) Public Domain . Whoever does good is from God; whoever does evil has not seen God. John wrote to commend the type of hospitality exhibited by Gaius to worthy representatives of the gospel (3 John 1:6–8) and to condemn the high-handed actions of Diotrephes (3 John 1:10). KJV Study Bible, Red Letter Edition: Second Edition. Video shows what 3 John means. Third John is the shortest book of the Bible by word count,[2] though 2 John has fewer verses. John also emphasizes the love of God in this epistle as he had in his other writings. The passage highlights the need for Christians to support each other, so that missionaries and … Answer: In his first epistle, the apostle John deals with the assurance of our salvation: “I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life” (1 John 5:13). Greet the friends, one by one", is typical of contemporary correspondence, with "Peace be to you" a greeting adopted by Christians from the Jews. What does 3 john mean? 1 a The elder to the beloved Gaius, b whom I love in truth. With reference to Gaius, John “rejoiced greatly” when he was informed “of the truth that is in you, just as you walk in the truth” (verse 3). [47] There was doubt about the authority of 3 John, however, with Eusebius listing it and 2 John as "disputed books" despite describing them as "well-known and acknowledged by most". [29], All three letters of John were likely written within a few years of each other, and internal evidence indicates that they were written after the Gospel of John, placing them in the second half of the first century. [31] A date past 110–115 is unlikely, as parts of 1 John and 2 John are quoted by Polycarp and Papias. For I rejoiced greatly when the brethren came - Who these were is not certainly known. This opinion, although reported by Jerome, was not held by all, as Jerome himself attributed the epistles to John the Apostle. [8] The "brothers" are brothers in the faith or missionaries, who in accordance with Jesus' command in Mark 6:8–9 have set out on a journey without any money. Answer: In John 3:13 Jesus says to Nicodemus, “No one has ever gone into heaven except the one who came from heaven–the Son of Man.” This verse is somewhat difficult to interpret and is often misunderstood. I t is indeed lamentable that this typical farewell message from the apostle John to Gaius the Elder has been picked up and distorted by so many during the last few years. He lived a good and perfect life as an example to us, not to absolve us from obedience to His beneficial laws.This backs up the definition he gave in 2 John 1:6: “This is love, that we walk according to His commandments. [1] The location of writing is unknown, but tradition places it in Ephesus. The third chapter of John contains two related stories. Because that for his name's sake they went forth, taking nothing of the Gentiles. 2 Beloved, I pray that all may go well with you and that you may be in good health, as it goes well with your soul. In John’s farewell message he demonstrates his personal love and genuine concern for each individual. Entries with "3 John" John: …One of the books in the New Testament of the Bible, the epistles of John (1 John, 2 John and 3 John).A surname. [18] The closing verse, "Peace be to you. v. 17” (Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament). New King James Version Update. 1. the rabbis use it of male semen. I t is indeed lamentable that this typical farewell message from the apostle John to Gaius the Elder has been picked up and distorted by so many during the last few years. 3 John 2; What is the Meaning? Codex Bezae, while missing most of the Catholic epistles, contains 3 John 11–15 in Latin translation. He bore witness that: the Father loves the Son and has given all things into His hand.. and that He who believes in the Son has eternal life; but he who does not obey the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God abides on him. 3 John. 3. This is the commandment, that as you have heard from the beginning, you should walk in it.”. Diotrephes. 3-john 1:1 The elder unto the wellbeloved Gaius, whom I love in the truth. Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. Therefore in this context the emphasis is on … [36] Church tradition typically places them in the city of Ephesus. For a quick link to all the other books of the Bible, see “Books of the Bible” on the Learning Center. 10 So when I come, I will call attention to what he is doing, spreading malicious nonsense about us. He told Gaius that this is right. (informal) Used frequently to form an idea personified John Bull… 1 John: 1 John (English) Proper noun 1 John (biblical) The twenty-third book of the New Testament of the Bible, the first epistle of John.. Related words & phrases 2 John 3 Jo John 1:26; 3:23) 4. the OT background meaning ceremonial sprinkling by the Spirit (cf. Commentary on 3 John 1:9-12 (Read 3 John 1:9-12) Both the heart and mouth must be watched. 3 John 2 in all English translations. Dodd notes, however, that they could have been written in the pre-Domitian era, which is likely if the author was a personal disciple of Jesus. [44] All three Johannine epistles were recognized by the 39th festal letter of Athanasius, the Synod of Hippo and the Council of Carthage (397). Retail: $44.99. First, a Christian Gaius is mentioned in Macedonia as a traveling companion of Paul, along with Aristarchus (Acts 19:29). God offers an eternal reward to those willing to accept His Word and who walk in His truth (Revelation 22:12-14). [7], Verse 2, where the author wishes material prosperity upon Gaius similar to the prosperity of his soul, is a commonly used proof text within prosperity gospel teachings; opponents of the prosperity gospel consider the verse to be little more than well-wishing. The epistle is addressed to Gaius, whom John refers to as “the beloved Gaius, whom I love in truth” (verse 1). I have no greater joy than to hear that my children walk in truth. Buy Now. John 3:3(ISV) Verse Thoughts It was to the great religious teacher that Jesus spoke these life changing words- unless a man is born from above he cannot see the kingdom of God. Both follow the format of other personal letters of the era; in both the author self-identifies as "the Presbyter",[22] a term which literally means "the elder";[23] and both deal with themes of hospitality and conflict within the church. NKJV, Chronological Study Bible: Holy Bible, New King James Version. (Comp. The word translated “fulfill” means: “To cause God’s will (as made known in the law) to be obeyed as it should be, and God’s promises (given through the prophets) to receive fulfilment: Mt. [6] The Elder may have converted Gaius, since he calls Gaius his "child" in the faith. [43] 1 John is extensively cited by Tertullian, who died in 215, and Clement of Alexandria, in addition to quoting 1 John, wrote a commentary on 2 John in his Adumbrationes. Acts 8:4 Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word. "[15] This injunction is reminiscent of several passages in 1 John (2:3–5, 3:4–10, 4:7). You might have seen the verse at a football game, but what does it mean? What does 3 John mean? John commends Gaius for his love of the brethren and the hospitality and generosity he showed to strangers (verses 5-8). Certainly the author of 3 John assumes Gaius’ orthodoxy and makes no effort to correct his doctrine. 2006: The Third Epistle of the Apostle John: Exegesis and Commentary by Luke C. Werre, The Third General Epistle of John from Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Third_Epistle_of_John&oldid=995733276, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2016, CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 16:23. 3 John 1 The elder, To my dear friend Gaius, whom I love in the truth. 3 John Greeting. https://www.insight.org/resources/bible/the-general-epistles/third-john Structure. There could be no better endorsement and words of encouragement for Demetrius from the aging apostle! [13] John Painter, however, argues the Elder is in fact referring to 2 John, since there is overlap between 2 John 9 and the theme of hospitality in 3 John. As you can see, the original meaning of 'For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, 33 He who has received His testimony # Rom. This lack of documentation, though likely due to the extreme brevity of the epistle, caused early church writers to doubt its authenticity until the early 5th century, when it was accepted into the canon along with the other two epistles of John. Acts 9:16 For I will shew him how great things he must suffer for my name's sake. In John 3:13 Jesus said, "No one has ascended into heaven except he who descended from heaven, the Son of Man." Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. The Word Became Flesh. The temper and spirit of Diotrephes was full of pride and ambition. Did no one go to heaven before Jesus? The word “peace” in verse 14 is the traditional Jewish greeting. One is that it construes the statement “even as” in a cause and effect way: spiritual prosperity will produce financial prosperity. The epistle called 3 John concerns three individuals, and in this letter the apostle John sends an essential message to each of them: Gaius. Jude 1. [25] These considerations indicate a close affinity between 2 and 3 John, though 2 John is more strongly connected with 1 John than it is with 3 John. Contextually, the first chapter of John mentions John the Baptist in verses 6-8 and 19-36. Paul, like John, was willing to put his energy, his entire life, into reaching the ultimate goal God had set before him. Early Christian Writings. The Third Epistle of John is a private letter composed to a man named Gaius, recommending to him a group of Christians led by Demetrius, which had come to preach the gospel in the area where Gaius lived. Above all things — Or, with respect to all things, as περι παντων rather signifies; that thou mayest prosper and be in health — Namely, of body; even as, I doubt not, thy soul prospereth — In faith, love, and every virtue. As you can see, the original meaning of 'For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten Son, [27], If 3 John was written by John the Apostle, however, it is strange that Diotrephes would oppose him since the apostles were highly respected in the early church. John now wrote to ask Gaius to continue this good work. [46] Similarly, Pope Dionysius of Alexandria, Origen's pupil, was aware of a "reputed Second or Third Epistle of John". John definition is - toilet. and what is requisite to the seeing and enjoying of it? 3 John Greeting. Then John told Gaius that Demetrius was a good man. Sign up to receive the week's latest articles, blog posts and updates. KJV Bible Verses from 3 John offer free, online access, for those of the Christian faith, to study scriptural passages for Biblical studies, contained in the words, scriptural text and verses of the KJV Bibles. The epistle called 3 John concerns three individuals, and in this letter the apostle John sends an essential message to each of them: As in his first two epistles, John continues to stress the importance of “the truth” and how he was filled with joy when he heard of those who “walk in the truth” (verses 3-4). John uses the word 5 times, in 3:3, 7; 3:31; 19:11 and 23. He lived a good and perfect life as an example to us, not to absolve us from obedience to His beneficial laws. Diotrephes—a poor Christian example (verses 9-11). It is the outpouring of the Christian love of the old Apostle to a brother about whom we know nothing else except that John, the beloved, loved him in the truth. It is also frequently used by those who want to find contradictions in the Bible. The epistle is found in many of the oldest New Testament manuscripts, and its text is free of major discrepancies or textual variants. This chapter contains the most recognizable verse in the entire Bible, John 3:16. John 3:3 The Greek for again also means from above; also in verse 7. 3 John begins with a praescriptio, or introductory formula (vss. Our Price: $14.99. 3:22-36 John was fully satisfied with the place and work assigned him; but Jesus came on a more important work. Also around this time 3 John is thought to have been known in North Africa as it was referred to in the Sententiae Episcoporum produced by the Seventh Council of Carthage. 3 John A PROSPEROUS SOUL 3 John 1:2. Jesus replied to him, "Truly, I tell you emphatically, unless a person is born from above he cannot see the kingdom of God." 3 John 1:2 Beloved, I pray that in every way you may prosper and enjoy good health, as your soul also prospers. [6], The name Gaius occurs three other times in the New Testament. The theories for the meaning of "water" are. 18:18; John 7:16 For He whom God has sent speaks the words of God, for God does not give the Spirit # John 1:16 by measure. John 3:16 Meaning - Here is a detailed explanation of John 3:16 in plain words. Demetrius may have been the messenger who brought the epistle to Gaius. John 3 - NIV: Now there was a Pharisee, a man named Nicodemus who was a member of the Jewish ruling council. How to pronounce, definition audio dictionary. John's baptism symbolizing repentance (cf. All Scripture quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are taken from the New King James Version (© 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc.). 3-john 1:2 Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth. Next, a Gaius is mentioned residing in Corinth as being one of only a few people there (the others being Crispus and the household of Stephanas) who were baptised by Paul, who founded the Church in that city (1 Corinthians 1:14). [49], CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (, Development of the Christian biblical canon, Textual variants in the Third Epistle of John, "Word counts for every book of the Bible". [16], Verse 12 introduces another man named Demetrius, who according to the Apostolic Constitutions VII.46.9 was ordained by John as bishop of Philadelphia (now Amman, Jordan). A look at the larger discussion of Jesus in this chapter demonstrates this is not true. It sounds as if Gaius, to whom John addressed this little letter, was a dearly beloved disciple of the Lord Jesus. John 3:13 Some manuscripts Man, who is in heaven; John 3:14 The Greek for lifted up also means exalted. It encompasses the aspirations, the desires and the hopes of God’s people throughout the ages—of a time when Christ will return to usher in peace, prosperity and an abundant life for all peoples and nations. 1 a In the beginning was b the Word, and c the Word was with God, and d the Word was God. [33] Rensberger suggests a dating of around 100, assuming that the Gospel of John was written in the 90s and the letters must have followed after. We hope that you find the 3 John summary from the KJV Bible chapters and verses helpful to your Bible studies and for references as a guide to further reference to the Book of 3 John. [10] The Elder mentions a previous letter which he has written to the church which was suppressed by Diotrephes, and says that he intends to visit the church and to confront Diotrephes. We can note two things in this interpretation of 3 John 2. [30] This dating makes sense given their allusions and opposition to Gnostic and docetic teaching, which denied the full humanity of Jesus, and which was gaining ascendancy at the end of the first century. [45] By the end of the fourth century the Presbyter (author of 2 and 3 John) was thought to be a different person than the Apostle John. Jesus is depicted as baptizing ; contrast Jn 4:2. [5] Gaius seems to have been a wealthy man, since the epistle's author, who identifies himself only as "the Elder", did not think it would impose unduly on him to host some traveling preachers for a short time. The original Greek uses the term Ὀνόματος (Onomatos) generally translated "Name" referring specifically to the "Name of Jesus", but the text does not say "Jesus" or "Christ." John 3:3. He even attempted to excommunicate members who did not agree with or opposed him, and he apparently succeeded in putting some out of the congregation (verse 10). [9] The Elder then goes on to request that Gaius provide for the brothers to continue their journey. Matt. 9 I wrote to the church, but Diotrephes, who loves to be first, will not welcome us. KJV, Word Study Bible, Red Letter Edition: 1,700 Key Words that Unlock the Meaning of the Bible. First, Jesus is visited at night by a Pharisee, Nicodemus, who is curious about His teachings. Here it could refer to either. John 3:15 Some interpreters end the quotation with verse 21. Although apparently prominent in the Church, Diotrephes allowed ambition to create problems among the members. Certainly, John and his ministry are in view here. Others contest this view, such as the scholar John A. T. Robinson, who dates 3 John to c. AD 60–65. Treasury of Scripture. [17], The Elder, before ending the letter, says that he has many other things to tell to Gaius, and plans to make a journey to see him in the near future, using almost the exact language of 2 John 12. [38], There are some doubtful similarities between passages in the Johannine epistles and the writings of Polycarp and Papias,[39] but the earliest definitive references to the epistles come from the late second century. Each person is offered the opportunity to be part of the solution to the daily ills tormenting so many human beings at this time. Our Price: $27.99 . 1 John 3:3(KJV) Verse Thoughts. Beloved, I wish — Or, I pray, as ευχομαι is translated by Beza, Estius, Erasmus, Schmidius, Doddridge, and others. Get the latest blog posts from Life, Hope & Truth straight to your inbox. But according to v. 5 (below) it is Gaius’ faithful work on behalf of the brothers – the traveling missionaries who needed support – which is commended by the author. All rights reserved. Greeting to Gaius ... 3 For I rejoiced ... NKJV Word Study Bible: 1,700 Key Words that Unlock the Meaning of the Bible. The language of 3 John echoes that of the Gospel of John, which is conventionally dated to around AD 90, so the epistle was likely written near the end of the first century. In their travels they had visited Gaius, John’s beloved friend, and they had been treated exceptionally well.