An experienced polar traveler, Amundsen prepared carefully for the coming journey, making a preliminary trip to deposit food supplies along the first part of his route to the pole and back. He was also one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. After the magnetic south was discovered, the competition really got intense. 1912: On January 18, Robert F. Scott, Edward Wilson, Edgar Evans and Lawrence Oates reach the South Pole.Unfortunately, Amundsen had already been there and left a flag marking the spot. He acquired a new ship, the Maud, and tried in 1918 to complete his old plan of drifting across the North Pole, but he was forced to abandon this scheme in favour of trying to reach the North Pole by airplane. They reached Cape Colborne (in present-day Nunavut) in August 1905, overwintered at Herschel Island in the Yukon, and arrived in Nome, Alaska, in August 1906 to a heroes’ welcome. NEW YORK CITY — In 1910, two men set out to be the first to reach the South Pole in a race that would be both heroic and tragic. Before earning this distinction, he had achieved another first—sailing the Northwest Passage (from 1903 to 1906). “Antarctic history is peopled by true heroes: Amundsen, Shackleton, and the tragic Robert Falcon Scott, who experienced one of the greatest disappointments in the annals of exploration when he reached the South Pole in 1912 to find the Norwegian flag flying there. Americans weren’t far behind: John Davis, a sealer and explorer, was the first person to step foot on Antarctic land in 1821. Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) was first to reach the South Pole, in December 1911. Looking for something else? In 1897 he sailed as first mate on the Belgica in a Belgian expedition that was the first to winter in the Antarctic. Step 1 : Introduction to the question "Which of these explorers was the first person to reach the South Pole?" In fact, it was not until his expedition, which left Oslo in September 1910, was under way that he telegraphed his announcement back to Norway that he was in fact headed to the South, not the North, Pole. Before earning this distinction, he had achieved another first—sailing the Northwest Passage (from 1903 to 1906). It was not until 10 months later, on December 14, 1911, on a sunny afternoon, that they raised their country’s flag at the spot their calculations told them was the South Pole. 1919 – First transatlantic flight by John Alcock and Arthur Brown. Roald Amundsen, in full Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen, (born July 16, 1872, Borge, near Oslo, Norway—died June 18, 1928?, Arctic Ocean), Norwegian explorer who was the first to reach the South Pole, the first to make a ship voyage through the Northwest Passage, and one of the first to cross the Arctic by air. Upon learning of the success of Peary’s 1909 expedition, Amundsen shifted his sights to reaching the South Pole instead, and quietly began to lay plans to do so. Amundsen Becomes First to Reach South Pole, December 14, 1911 Under the command of Roald Amundsen, the South Pole was discovered 100 years … His 1926 air expedition to the North Pole came 17 years after Robert E. Peary became the first man to reach it (this is open to debate according to historians). 14th December – Roald Amundsen (Norway) first person to reach the South Pole. American explorer Richard E. Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole, in 1926, and the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established thirty years later. The first men to reach the Geographic South Pole were the Norwegian Roald Amundsen and his party on 14 December 1911. Amundsen’s books included The South Pole (1912) and, with Ellsworth, First Crossing of the Polar Sea (1927). TheBlueFox TheBlueFox The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, in 1911. His drive must have come from other sources as well. When Amundsen left Norway in June 1910 no one but his brother knew that he was heading for the South Pole instead of the North. As it turned out, a race was on between the Norwegians and the British: Shortly after Amundsen had set sail, naval officer Robert Falcon Scott (1868–1912) had left England at the head of an expedition to reach the South Pole. In the early 1910s, explorers Roald Amundsen and Robert Falcon Scott engaged in a frantic, and ultimately tragic, race to be the first man to reach the South Pole. Amundsen, Umberto Nobile (the pilot and designer of the airship), and Lincoln Ellsworth flew from Spitsbergen to Alaska, becoming the first people to definitely reach the North Pole. When he was a young man of 21, he turned his attention away from the study of medicine to making an Arctic passage. Question: Who was the first person to reach the South Pole? American explorer Richard E. Byrd became the first person to fly over the South Pole, in 1926, and the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station was established thirty years later. Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. NEW YORK CITY — In 1910, two men set out to be the first to reach the South Pole in a race that would be both heroic and tragic. Roald Amundsen is the person called first person to reach the south pole. Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen (1872–1928) was first to reach the South Pole, in December 1911. Behind the News. Norwegian explorer who in 1911 became the first person to reach the South Pole, one month ahead of 18-Across: 2 wds. Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer, was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration. To their dismay, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen had reached there first. Amundsen got there first by a different route, just one month ahead. Amundsen had planned to be the first man to the North Pole, however when he heard that Robert Peary already reached the North Pole, he decided to pursue the South Pole. TheBlueFox TheBlueFox The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, in 1911. Amundsen studied medicine for a while and then took to sea. Swami Vivekananda born as Narendranath Datta was as an Indian Hindu Monk. Looking for something else? Amundsen’s next plan, to drift across the North Pole in Fridtjof Nansen’s old ship, the Fram, was affected by the news that the American explorer Robert E. Peary had reached the North Pole in April 1909, but he continued his preparations. First person to reach the South Pole. In 1928 Roald Amundsen lost his life flying to rescue Italian aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile, whom he had accompanied in a dirigible flight over the North Pole in 1926, from a dirigible crash at sea near Spitsbergen, Norway. Who was the first person to reach the south pole? During the struggle to reach their home camp on the way home from the Pole, Lawrence Oates became ill. In 1928 Amundsen lost his life in flying to rescue Nobile from a dirigible crash near Spitsbergen. crossword clue. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This clue was last seen on Daily Celebrity Crossword September 8 2018 In case the clue doesn’t fit or there’s something wrong please contact us! Finding the North Pole is tricky. Looking for something else? However, Peary had a unique approach towards exploration. ...On this day in 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. The explorers recorded scientific data at the pole before beginning the return journey on December 17, and they safely reached their base at the Bay of Whales on January 25, 1912. In 1903, with a crew of six on his 47-ton sloop Gjøa, Amundsen began his mission to sail through the Northwest Passage and around the northern Canadian coast. Consequently, he began dressing and living like them. In a flight (1925) with the American explorer Lincoln Ellsworth he arrived to within 150 miles (250 km) of the pole. Roald Engelbregt Gravning Amundsen was a Norwegian explorer who became the first man to reach the South Pole when he successfully led an Antarctic expedition to the dangerous terrain on which no man had set foot previously. As a teen, he is said to have slept with his bedroom windows open year-round in order to become accustomed to the cold. Roald Amundsen, the first person to reach the South Pole – kaufen Sie dieses Foto und finden Sie ähnliche Bilder auf Adobe Stock The first person to reach all three locations was Edmund Hillary . This is a web preview of the "The Handy History Answer Book" app. He is best known for his speech which began as "Sisters and brothers of America... at the Parliament of the World's Religions in Chicago in 1893. He was a chief disciple of the 19th century Indian Mystic Ramakrishna. Finding the North Pole is tricky. On Dec. 14, 1911, Roald Amundsen and four fellow Norwegian explorers became the first men to reach the South Pole, beating the ill-fated team of British Capt. Loading... Unsubscribe from Behind the News? What’s more, he was the first person to lead an expedition to traverse the Northwest Passage in the Arctic. His exploration was such a great risk that he ended up having eight of his toes amputated. The airship Norge floating above Spitsbergen in 1926 before Roald Amundsen's expedition to the North Pole. Robert F. Scott by just over a … His 1926 air expedition to the North Pole came 17 years after Robert E. Peary became the first man to reach it (this is open to debate according to historians). After using motorized sleds, ponies, and dogs, and then hauling their own sled through the harsh terrain, Scott and his four companions (Wilson, Bowers, Oates, and Evans) arrived at the South Pole on January 17, 1912. Amundsen named his camp Polheim and the entire plateau surrounding the Pole King Haakon VII Vidde in honour of King Haakon VII of Norway. Many features only work on your mobile device. Roald Amundsen at the South Pole, December 1911. He would travel using sled dogs, he built igloos, and wore heavy fur. On their way back the crew died due to bad weather and insufficient food supplies. Let's find possible answers to "First person to reach the South Pole" crossword clue. 1919 – First transatlantic flight by John Alcock and Arthur Brown. The airplane carrying Amundsen, searching for survivors of Nobile’s crash, also crashed, and Amundsen’s remains were never found. He was accompanied by 15 fellow explorers and, if all other claims were indeed fraudulent, the group would then have been the very first to have reached the North Pole, by any which way. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Ernest-Henry-Shackleton Amundsen’s desire to be an Arctic explorer had been with him almost his entire life. Omissions? During the 19thCentury, many explorers used European methods of exploring. Updates? On this day in 1911, Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. … Amundsen set out with 4 companions, 52 dogs, and 4 sledges on October 19, 1911, and, after encountering good weather, arrived at the South Pole on December 14. In 1926, with Ellsworth and the Italian aeronautical engineer Umberto Nobile, he passed over the North Pole in a dirigible, crossing from Spitsbergen (now Svalbard), north of Norway, to Alaska. Terribly discouraged after a tortuous journey, all members perish on the return trip. First person to reach the South Pole. First of all, we will look for a few extra hints for this entry: First person to reach the South Pole. Like many other explorers, Amundsen said he was inspired by Fridtjof Nansen, who led the first team to reach the interior of Greenland. He sailed the Fram directly from the Madeira Islands to the Bay of Whales, Antarctica, along the Ross Sea. When British naval officer Robert Falcon Scott’s expedition arrived at the South Pole on the morning of January 18, 1912, they found the Norwegian flag flying over it. Robert Falcon Scott, the Brit, and Roald Amundsen, from Norway, sailed their ships Terra Nova and Fram in an effort to be the first to the South Pole. Amundsens’s Norwegian expedition arrived safely at their base camp on January 25, 1912. The Three Poles is an adventurer’s challenge to reach the North Pole, the South Pole, and the summit of Mount Everest. Ernest Shackleton led the British Imperial Antarctic Expedition in an effort to be the first to reach the South Pole. He recognized that many of the previous (and failed) attempts to travel to the Arctic shared a common characteristic: “The commanders of these expeditions had not always been ships’ captains.” He resolved to become an experienced navigator and soon took jobs as a deck hand on various ships. To transport his supplies, he used sled dogs, while Scott depended on Siberian ponies. Roald Amundsen becomes first explorer to reach the South Pole Norwegian Roald Amundsen becomes the first explorer to reach the South Pole, beating his British rival, Robert Falcon Scott. Looking for something else? However, the next overland expedition to the South Pole was not made until 1958, more than 40 years after Amundsen and Scott's deadly race. He was the first man to go to the South Pole. Peary and his ally Henson had to abort their mission to the North Pole twice in 1895 and 19… 14th December – Roald Amundsen (Norway) first person to reach the South Pole. Roald Amundsen was the first person to reach the South Pole. He was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration. Both claimed to be first to reach the North Pole on foot. Amundsen spent 99 days racing Robert Scott, an English naval officer, to the South Pole. 1911 – South Pole. The intrepid Norwegian was the first person to have visited both North and South Poles, and he was also the first to reach the South Pole in 1911. They flew in a First … In 1903 Roald Amundsen and his crew aboard the sloop Gjøa began a mission to sail through the Northwest Passage and around the northern Canadian coast. 1911 – South Pole. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Roald-Amundsen, Public Broadcasting Service - Alone on the Ice - Biography of Roald Amundsen, Famous Explorers - Biography of Roald Amundsen, Royal Museums Greenwich - Biography of Roald Amundsen, Roald Amundsen - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Roald Amundsen - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). He was the first explorer to transit the Northwest Passage (1903–05), the first to reach the South Pole (1911), and the first to fly over the North Pole in an airship (1926). They flew in a First … Also on board was the American Dr. Frederick Cook (1865–1940), who had been on one of Robert E. Peary’s (1856–1920) earlier Arctic expeditions and who would, in 1909, dispute Peary’s claim that he was the first to reach the North Pole. With funds resulting from his Antarctic adventure, Amundsen established a successful shipping business. Disputes over the credit for the flight embittered his final years. He was the first explorer to transit the Northwest Passage (1903–05), the first to reach the South Pole (1911), and the first to fly over the North Pole in an airship (1926). He reached Cape Colborne (in present-day Nunavut) in August 1905, completing his transit of the passage proper, before ice halted his westerly progress for the winter at Herschel Island in the Yukon the following month. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Terribly discouraged after a tortuous journey, all members perish on the return trip. … His expedition was a success, with five of the mission/expedition (Amundsen, Olav Bjaaland, Helmer Hanssen, Sverre Hassel and Oscar Wisting) arriving at the pole on December 14, 1911, beating Robert Falcon Scott (another English explorer) and his ill-fated party by thirty-five days.They left a small tent … Amundsen’s desire to be an Arctic explorer had been with him almost his entire life. Occupation: Explorer Born: July 16, 1872 in Borge, Norway Died: June 18, 1928 during a rescue attempt Best known for: First man to visit the South Pole Biography: Roald Amundsen (1872 - 1928) was an explorer of the North and South Poles. The base he set up there was 60 miles (100 km) closer to the pole than the Antarctic base of the English explorer Robert Falcon Scott, who was heading a rival expedition with the same goal. Before heading north again, they celebrated their achievement with double rations. The first dogs to reach the South Pole as well as the first men Polar transport Key to Amundsen's success in reaching the South Pole first was the effective use of dog teams, enough teams of the correct types of dogs, enough of the right kind of food for them and enough team members who were skilled in operating the teams. Corrections? Roald Amundsen, a Norwegian explorer, was one of the greatest figures in the field of polar exploration. … Get the App. In 1909 a bitter controversy involved two American explorers, Frederick A. Cook and Robert E. Peary. If there’s one thing about the North Pole everyone agrees on is that Roald Amundsen (of South Pole fame) was the first to ever reach it by airship in 1926. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... What were the circumstances that surrounded Roald Amundsen’s death? By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He decided to adapt to the lifestyle of the native Inuit people. On this page you will find the solution to Norwegian explorer who in 1911 became the first person to reach the South Pole, one month ahead of 18-Across: 2 wds. Finally, we will solve this crossword puzzle clue and get the correct word. Let's find possible answers to "First person to reach the South Pole" crossword clue. However, the next overland expedition to the South Pole was not made until 1958, more than 40 years after Amundsen and Scott's deadly race. Roald Amundsen (July 16, 1872-June 22, 1928) was a Norwegian polar explorer who was the first person to fly over the North Pole in a dirigible (May 11-13, 1926) and was the first person to reach the South Pole. This was the same news that Amundsen would hear as he was preparing to make the North Pole. The intrepid Norwegian was the first person to have visited both North and South Poles, and he was also the first to reach the South Pole in 1911. The first person to reach the South Pole was Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen, said Ross MacPhee, a curator in the American Museum of Natural History in New York and author of Race To the End: Amundsen, Scott, and the Attainment of the South Pole (Sterling Publishing, 2010). First of all, we will look for a few extra hints for this entry: First person to reach the South Pole. 2 See answers rinmwango rinmwango Roal Amunsen was the first. Finally, we will solve this crossword puzzle clue and get the correct word. If you like what you see, we hope you will consider buying. The South Pole was first reached at 11 a.m. on 14 December 1911 by a Norwegian party of five men led by Captain Roald Amundsen (Norway, 1872-1928), after a 53-day march with dog sledges from the Bay of Whales. Unlike the South Pole, which lies on a land mass, the North Pole is actually in a vast sea covered by floating ice. Unlike the South Pole, which lies on a land mass, the North Pole is actually in a vast sea covered by floating ice. Roald Amundsen and Robert Scott were locked in a desperate race to reach the South Pole first. 2 See answers rinmwango rinmwango Roal Amunsen was the first. Scott, in the meantime, had reached the South Pole on January 17, but on a difficult return journey he and all his men perished. Quiz - Who was the first person to reach the South Pole? Amundsen and his crew resumed the journey in August 1906 and were greeted with a heroes’ welcome when the expedition concluded in Nome, Alaska, later that month. He was the first person to reach both the North and South Poles. Race to the pole. He and four others arrived at the pole on 14 December 1911, five weeks ahead of a British party led by Robert Falcon Scott as … He reached the top of Everest in May 1953, summited the South Pole in January 1958, and made it to the North Pole in company with Neil Armstrong in April 1985. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was Norwegian. Lawrence Oates. He reached the Bay of Whales in the vessel Fram. He led the first expedition to reach the South Pole and was the first person to visit both the North and South Pole. In 1897 Amundsen was chosen as the first mate on the Belgica, the ship that would carry the first Belgian Antarctic expedition under the command of Adrien Gerlache de Gomery (1866–1934). 1912: On January 18, Robert F. Scott, Edward Wilson, Edgar Evans and Lawrence Oates reach the South Pole.Unfortunately, Amundsen had already been there and left a flag marking the spot. The Norwegians landed at Ross Ice Shelf, Antarctica, on February 10, 1911. Roald, the first person to reach the South Pole SCOTT WWT Slimbridge founder who designed the WWF panda logo and created the IUCN red list; an Olympic sailing medallist whose father died attempting to be the first to reach the South Pole (5) In 1909 a bitter controversy involved two American explorers, Frederick A. Cook and Robert E. Peary. Both claimed to be first to reach the North Pole on foot. They flew from St. John’s, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland. This achievement whetted his appetite for the spectacular in polar exploration. Who was the first person to reach the south pole? They flew from St. John’s, Newfoundland, to Clifden, Connemara, County Galway, Ireland. Cancel Unsubscribe. 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